Fake News: Error, Ethics, and Evidence in Publication of Research
Section: Academy of Neurologic PT
Co-Section: Section on Research
Session Code: NE-2A-5403
Date: Friday, January 25, 2019
Time: 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Walter E. Washington Convention Center
Session Type: Educational Sessions
Session Level: Intermediate
The explosive growth of digital media and open access journals requires that consumers of research be more vigilant than ever before about believing everything they read. While there are ethical principles guiding the conduct and publication of research, some of these principles may not be intuitively obvious and are evolving with changes in technology. A large proportion of rehabilitation research comprises small studies, and researchers and consumers of research must be on the lookout for potential sources of error and bias, ethical issues, and confounding variables that may have a large effect on results. Likewise, common ethical quandaries such as selective reporting of positive results, conflict of interest, redundant publication, and self-plagiarism can result in inaccurate conclusions about the strength of the evidence. The emergence of new technologies (eg, brain computer interfaces, wearable sensors, noninvasive brain stimulation, stem cell therapy) combined with mass marketing or lay media publicity gives rise to ethical challenges that must be faced by rehabilitation professionals who are asked to advise patients.
Learning Objectives: Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
1. Discuss issues of transparency, conflicts of interest, and sources of error and bias in research.
2. Recognize the difference between statistical and clinical significance.
3. Describe best practices for protecting the rights and confidentiality of human subjects.
4. Explain ethical issues in developing technologies and emergent areas of research.
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